Agriculture and forestry

Both agriculture and forestry are customized to the climatic conditions prevailing in the geographical location where they are carried out. A small change in the climate can have far-reaching consequences for these industries.

In Sweden, a warmer climate would extend the growing season, which changes the timing of planting and harvesting and increases the possibility of an expansion of the number of cultivated species in agriculture as well as forestry.

The climate scenarios indicate that there will be more precipitation in many parts of the country, especially in autumn and winter. Increased water volumes mean a greater need for drainage, but would also affect the stability of the soil for agricultural machinery. In southern Sweden rainfall during the summer will decrease, increasing the need for irrigation in agriculture and the risk of forest fire, particularly during the summer.

A reduction in the spread of ground frost is expected, which in agriculture could lead to an increased share of winter crops. Forestry has already seen a problem linked to this with increasing storm susceptibility in forested areas as well as a shortened season for using heavy machinery and harvesting.

Other problems that can occur is an impaired quality of raw material due to more rapid growth, introduction of new pests and fungi as well as improved propagation conditions for species that already exist in the country.

Even animal husbandry is facing a major challenge. On one hand, the animals can spend a greater part of the year outside and the opportunities to be self-sufficient with food increases. But a warmer climate also entails a risk of new animal diseases that previously only existed on the continent becoming widespread in this country.