Adapting the cultural heritage to climate change involves measures to prevent or mitigate damage caused by climate change. The degradation processes for most materials are affected by temperature and humidity. Higher temperature speeds up chemical reactions and changes and variations in humidity affects the degradation of most materials.
The risks of climate change can be both immediate and clearly visible, such as floods, but also slow and difficult to identify as mold and pests. The slow effects require systematic monitoring in order to be detected in time.
Many of the risks with a changing climate for the cultural heritage can already be seen today, but could become more common or have greater consequences in the future. Moreover, they cooperate with each other. Prevention such as risk analysis, surveillance and maintenance is essential to prevent and mitigate damage to cultural heritage.